|General Information About The Territory|
1. Location, geographic co-ordinates
The territory of the Rāzna National Park is situated in south-eastern Latvia (See here). Its biggest part is located in Rēzekne region and the remaining parts in Krāslava and Ludza regions.
In the south-easren part of Rēzekne region, the National Park covers the bigger parts of the Kaunata and Mākoņkaln rural municipalities territory, as well as, in some degree, the territoty of Čornaja and Lūznava rural municipalities.
In the northern part of Krāslava region, the Park occupies the bigger part of Andzeļi rural municipalities territory and parts of Ezernieki and Andrupene rural municipalities.
In the south-western part of Ludza region, the Park includes part of the Rundēni rural municipalities territory.
The Park covers the area of 596.15 square kilometres.
The territory of the Rāzna National Park is situated in the central part of Latgale upland. The upland zone of highest sharp-top hills with primary massif hill, morainal big hill, hill ridge and swell hill relief intersects the Park territory in the NE - SW direction. The following physical geographical areas (K.Ramans, V.Zelčs, 1995) could be found in the Latgale upland part of the Park territory.
The lowest summit point in the Rāzna National Park territory is 161.2 m AMSL (NE part of the Park, Rēzekne depression, the Rēzekne river valley, near Graši) the highest one is 289.3 m AMSL (Great Liepukaln crest). Based on the above mentioned absolute height values, the integrated vertical swing of relief (amplitude) is 128.2 m. The territory relief is made up of primary massif hills, morainal big hills, zvoncu (flat-top hills) big hills, middle-sized hills, morainal middle-sized hills accompanying primary massif hills, and small hills, as well as dauguļi, swell hills and loop lke hills, glacial hills and hill terraces. The territory landscape is dominated by big hills among which there are gullies or lowlands with fragmented small hills (sīkpauguraine). The more spacious lowlands and glacial depressions are filled with lakes, the biggest ones being Rāzna (57810 ha) , Ežezer (1065 ha), Salāju (Solovej) (184 ha), Biža (169 ha), Zosna lakes (162,5 ha2), Ismer-Žogot (141 ha) and Virauda (95,4 ha).
The soil of the prospective territory is mainly made up of rocky sand-clay and sandy loam precipitations that spread till the Lake Rāzna. The smallest from the point of view of area surface territory of the Rāzna National Park, the Lake Virauda * Lake Ežezer belt, is composed of sands, sand-gravel, gravel-pebblestone precipitations and aleirite. Locally (in the flat-top hills or zvoncu dissemination areals), rock/stone-free clay prevails. Following the land reform, much of the uncultivated areas took shape of fallow land.
2. Current zoning
While designing regulations tailored for the protection and utilization of The Rāzna National Park (Cabinet of Ministers Regulations Nr. 264 confirmed on April 8, 2004), functional zoning of a National Park was established in order to preserve the current nature, cultural and historic value of the National Park territory and the Lake Rāzna itself with the related species and habitat diversity.
The following functional zones of a National Park are distinguished:
A nature conservancy zone is introduced in order to preserve specially protected species and habitats. Within this zone, those requirements of general regulations concerning protection and utilisation of specially protected nature territories that refer to nature concervancy, are in force.
A National Park zone is istablished in order to keep a National Park for rest and education purposes, as well as to protect the park landscape. In this zone, those requirements of general regulations concerning protection and utilisation of specially protected nature territories that refer to National Parks, are in force.
Complete deforestation on the territory that does not exceed 1 ha is allowed in a National Park territory.
3. Utilisation/Management infrastructure
The Rāzna National Park has no administration of its own at the moment. In order to successfully achieve the main objectives, nature protection, preserving cultural and historic heritage, scientific study, organising education and recreation, all of those being limited/restricted by the aims of protecting nature and cultural environment (Law on ĪADT, Clause/Article 4), it is crucial to establish a collegiate consultative/counselling body to perform the following functions:
1) Over 80% of the Rāzna National Park territory in in private ownership. The only way of managinge this territory is only to launch a collegiate consultative/counselling body, a council,that is to conduct the territory management and enhance its tong-term sustainable development. The Park administration is in no position to carry this out.
2) The inspectional function in the territory is performed by regional environmental board (REB) inspectors. It is not necessary to create any new body in order to ensure a normal implementation of nature protection actions. It will be enough to slightly increase the REB staff.
3) Effective research demands big investments in human and physical resources. It is not worth creating a special body as this activity can be more successfully and effectively carried out by the regional university.
4) NGO and/or universities will best of all deal with the educational function.
5) Recreational function seems to be better entrasted to private companies on the basis of concession or some other form of payment/funding. It can become a major source of the park funding/alimentation.
While developing the nature protection plan, creation of a collegiate consultative/counselling body ( LR CM decision) and Rāzna Fund must be envisaged. The Fund, being a NGO, can successfully co-ordinate research, informational, and educational functions.A centre for environment information and nature research should be established.
4. An overview of protection and management
The Park territory amounts to 596,15 km2. It includes the following already existing specially protected areas:
Establishment of the Rāzna National Park stems from Latvian Environment Protection programme of actions (action code 8E25, confirmed on January 10,1997) and is connected with the approximation process of Latvian Environment Protection policy, strategy and legislation with the EU ones.
5. Cultural an historical description
According to the list of State Protected Monuments (Latvijas Vēstniesis Nr. 375/380 (1436/1441):88), 52 culture monuments are situated on the territory of Čornaja, Kaunata, Lūznava and Mākoņkalns rural municipalities, among which thirty (60%) are counted among state protected ones (See Table 1).
Table 1 (Culture and historic monuments on the National Park territory)
6. Cartographic materials